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Párizs, 2011

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Párizs 2011

A Középülettervezési Tanszék 2011-es nyári tanulmányútja.

Párizs 2011

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Josephine Baker iskola

2011.05.24. 11:30 gBal

La Courneuve by Dominique Coulon & AssociésDominique Coulon & Associés, 2011
La Courneuve városrész

Az új épületben általános iskola (nyugati oldal) és egy óvoda (keleti oldal) kapott helyet. Az iskola a ‘Cité des 4000’ igen bonyolult szomszédságában áll, a lebontott ‘Ravel’ and ‘Presov’ lakónegyedek rosszemlékű helyszínén.

from: DeZeen; találta: Fazekas Kati.

>> a térképünkön itt (egyelőre nem látszik).

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Az iskola a ‘Cité des 4000’ igen bonyolult szomszédságában áll, a lebontott ‘Ravel’ and ‘Presov’ lakónegyedek rosszemlékű helyszínén.

http://www.arthitectural.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/09_LA-COURNEUVE-COULON.parvi2_EP-640x337.jpg

http://www.arthitectural.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/05/GSJB-D.Coulonassocie%C3%8C%C2%81s-R+1-640x452.jpg

La Courneuve by Dominique Coulon & Associés

La Courneuve by Dominique Coulon & Associés

La Courneuve by Dominique Coulon & Associés

La Courneuve by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

A terv Bernard Paurd városépítési koncepciójának része, a területen összefutó irányok és olvasatok metszéspontjainak megfogására.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

The scheme reorganises the neighbourhood on the basis of the right-angled intersection of two historic axes, one leading from Paris – from the Saint-Michel fountain – to St Denis’ Cathedral, the other starting from the cathedral and heading towards St Lucien’s church.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

This crossing of X and Y axes highlights the surfacing of various traces – ruins of a Gallo-Roman necropolis stand where the scarred landscape bears witness to the demolition of the ‘Ravel’ and ‘Presov’ blocks of flats, dynamited on 23 June 2004. As if the map had marked the territory with a tattoo.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Above: Photograph by Delphine George

The group of schools occupies a trapezoid-shaped plot of land obliterated by the non-aedificandi area corresponding to the location of one of the two buildings that were demolished.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Dominique Coulon stays in line with the scheme and the intentions of Bernard Paurd, but seems to consider this scar as the substratum for an act of resilience – a psychological process analysed by Boris Cyrulnik that makes it possible to overcome traumatic situations – rather than the stigma of an irreversible situation. He thus returns spontaneously to his work on twisting shapes, a theme that recurs constantly in his projects.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

The requirement to refrain from constructing closed volumes based on the rectangle that is a feature of the plot of land, combined with the constraints in terms of density and height, has enabled him to question the separation of the primary and nursery schools in the brief.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

His proposal therefore sketches out a unitary organisation, deployed with virtuoso skill in the three dimensions of the space between two poles linked by a system of ramps. Thus the nursery school classrooms are pushed to the east, on a floor cantilevered above the entrance, and the primary school classrooms occupy areas to the west overlooking interstitial gardens.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

The older children’s playground merges into the area reserved for the younger children, which already contains the shared canteen, while the sports areas have been placed on the roof of the other block, which contains the library shared by the two schools.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Despite its sliding volumes, folds and asymmetry, the building gives a first impression of an enclosed shape with few openings. The primary school classrooms, superposed on the site, only opens up to any real extent to their gardens at the side. Although on the outside the verticality is dominant as a result of the many indentations that break up the façades, it is paradoxically the horizontal aspect that is more evident once through the entrance.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

As if an infinite universe was opening up inside a strictly defined area, welcoming a heterotopia reserved for the children. An initiatory place where the pupils can be cut off from the adult world, so that they can adopt the necessary distance and momentum the better to dive into it in due course.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Particular attention seems to have been paid to passages from one space to another, to thresholds: entering the school, taking off your coat and hanging it up before going through the door into the classroom and sitting down in front of the teacher; laughing as you leave the classroom, and shouting out in the playground at playtime. That is how the building works, from the entrance onwards, in a subtle two-fold movement of advance and retreat.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

An arrangement that recalls the curves and counter-curves of the façade of the St-Charles-aux-Quatre-Fontaines church completed in 1667 by Francesco Borromini. In a protective gesture, the upper floor projects forwards to welcome the children, while the glazed ground floor withdraws and digs in to defuse the drama of separating the child from its parents.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

The corridors change shape and expand in front of the classroom doors and receive abundant natural light from the zenith, as if the better to define themselves as areas for decompression before taking a deep breath and plunging into the work areas. Lastly, the canopy of the playground thrusts out well beyond the ramp that leads up to the rooftop sport areas.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

This play of compression and expansion, giving an organic feel to the concrete structure, is further accentuated by use of the colour orange. It covers the floors and occasionally spills over onto the walls and ceilings, rendering the slightest ray of sunshine incandescent and lighting up the roof area.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

This has the appearance of an open hand beneath the complementary blue of the sky, revealed in all its power. All too frequently, as in Jules Ferry’s time, schools seem to be designed as areas for adults reduced to the scale of children. The sequences of traffic paths and classrooms are witness here to a different relationship between the child’s body and space, one that is all the more fused together in that is it not yet totally mediatised by language.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

The classrooms, corridors and playgrounds of the ‘Josephine Baker’ schools stretch out and break up around an indefinite body, a body in perpetual transformation, a body of feelings ready to be touched by the slightest ray of sunshine and to perceive a thousand opportunities for play in the slightest variation in the weather.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

The use of natural products – such as linoleum on the floors, and wood for the door and window frames – and the attention paid even to the smallest details contribute to making the building an almost luxurious place, a place hailed enthusiastically at its inauguration by a population of parents and pupils who are keen to turn the page of the demolitions and look resolutely to the future.

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Type of project: Group of schools (nursery + primary)
Client: City of La Courneuve
Team: Dominique Coulon & Associés, Architectes
Dominique Coulon, Olivier Nicollas, Architectes
Sarah Brebbia, Benjamin Rocchi, Arnaud Eloudyi, Florence Haenel, Architects assistants

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Batiserf: Structural Engineer: Philippe Clement, Cécile Plumier, Frédéric Blanc
G. Jost, Mechanical Engineer : Marc Damant, Annie Pikard
E3 Economie : Cost calculation
Bruno Kubler : Paysagiste

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Program: Lecture room, auditorium, administration
Primary school – 10 classrooms
Nursery – 6 classrooms
Leisure center – 6 classrooms
Restaurant
Office for the academy

Josephine Baker group of schools by Dominique Coulon & Associés

Above: Photograph by Olivier Nicollas

Surface Area: 4500 m2 SHON, 6500 m2 SHOB
Cost: 8 000 000 euros H.T

 

3 komment

Címkék: iskola 201x

A bejegyzés trackback címe:

https://paris2011.blog.hu/api/trackback/id/tr672928396

Kommentek:

A hozzászólások a vonatkozó jogszabályok  értelmében felhasználói tartalomnak minősülnek, értük a szolgáltatás technikai  üzemeltetője semmilyen felelősséget nem vállal, azokat nem ellenőrzi. Kifogás esetén forduljon a blog szerkesztőjéhez. Részletek a  Felhasználási feltételekben és az adatvédelmi tájékoztatóban.

mB · http://frankzappa.blog.hu/ 2011.05.25. 16:21:11

Kéretik megfigyelni szakmailag, hogy kosárlabdapálya van a a tetőn.

éeszter 2011.06.16. 00:07:12

@mB:
és ha a kisebbet akarják bántani ledobják a labdát a tetőről,majd leküldik érte(jójó,látom van magas palánk.:)).kosarazni jó!

mB · http://frankzappa.blog.hu/ 2011.06.16. 08:47:39

@éeszter: ilyesmire gondolsz?

www.tvcream.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/mordillo.jpg

:-) De a franciák nem ilyenek, nem bántják a kisebbet. Tuti.